Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Sunday, 3 June 2018

Understanding about Chikungunya

Understanding about Chikungunya:

Chikunguny is a debilitating, but non-fatal, viral illness that is spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Mostly it has resemblance of dengue fever.

It usually spread by the bite of an Aedes mosquito. Humans are thought to be the major source, or reservoir, of chikungunya virus for mosquitoes. Therefore, the mosquito usually transmits the disease by biting an infected person and then biting someone else. An infected person cannot spread the infection directly to other persons (i.e. it is not a contagious disease). Aedes aegypti mosquitoes bite during the day time.


Chikungunya usually starts suddenly with fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, joint pain, and rash. In Swahili, "chikungunya" means "that which contorts or bends up". This refers to the contorted (or stooped) posture of patients who are afflicted with the severe joint pain (arthritis) which is the most common feature of the disease. Frequently, the infection causes no symptoms, especially in children. While recovery from chikungunya is the expected outcome, convalescence can be prolonged and persistent joint pain may require analgesic (pain medication) and long-term anti-inflammatory therapy. Infection appears to confer lasting immunity.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Chikungunya is diagnosed by blood tests (ELISA). Since the clinical appearance of both chikungunya and dengue are similar, laboratory confirmation is important especially in areas where dengue is present. Such facilities are, at present, available at National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune & National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD), Delhi.

There is no specific treatment for chikungunya. Supportive therapy that helps ease symptoms, such as administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and getting plenty of rest, may be beneficial. Infected persons should be isolated from mosquitoes in as much as possible in order to avoid transmission of infection to other people.


Enroll Allied and Healthcare Professionals in India

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Allied health personnel are personnel who have specific connections with the art and science of health care and are recognized as members of health team in the national health system. They are educated, with different levels of professional qualifications, in a recognized or accredited health or healthrelated or academic Institution".
Allied & healthcare professionals include individuals involved with the delivery of health or related services, with expertise in therapeutic, diagnostic, curative, preventive and rehabilitative interventions. They work in interdisciplinary health teams including physicians, nurses and public health officials to promote, protect, treat and/or manage a person’s physical, mental, social, emotional and environmental health and holistic well-being.


This is a provisional measure taken by the Government of India to reach out to all the allied and healthcare professionals in the country so that they may be effectively tracked as part of the overall HRH data available with the Government of India. This will help the government to estimate the numbers and streams of allied and healthcare existing in the country.

Please note the enrollment does not constitute a professional license or a registration number at this time. A unique reference number will be provided upon your successful enrollment which will be used in the future for any professional regulatory or standardizing activities undertaken by the Government of India.

For more details, please visit: CLICK HERE

Monday, 11 February 2013

Health care Essentials !!!!

In this webinar, you will come across the  

Healthcare Essentials: Emerging Trends and Issues in  Mental Health Diagnostic.

Francis Murdock Pitts, FAIA, FACHA OAA conducts an in-depth analysis of recent trends and current practices in Mental Health reimbursement, diagnostics and treatment -- including key drivers of change in fundamental approach and their impact on design of inpatient and outpatient treatment settings.

You will learn how to better understand the complexities of reimbursement and their impact on facility planning including the IMD Exclusion (Institute for Medical Disease); how to better understand treatment modalities and impacts on design, and much more.

Saturday, 29 December 2012

Please Check your bad cholesterol

Keep your bad cholesterol level below 70mg / dl if you are at risk of hert disease or stroke, say new US guidelines. Earlier international recommendations had put the bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein or LDL) upper limit at 100mg / dl.

Those at risk include people diagnosed with heart disease , diabetes and those who have at least two risk factors for heart disease, such as obesity, smoking, family history of heart attack, inactive lifestyle or high blood pleassure.

Experts in India, however, say keeping LDL under 80 mg / dl is good enough, provided you ensure that your good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein or HDL ) stays over 50 mg / dl. Total cholesterol should not exceed 180 mg / dl.

More than total cholesterol, the ratio of total cholesterol and HDL is a more accurate indicator of heart disease, Below 3 is ideal, below 4 is acceptable, but ratio over 4.5 indicates heart disease”, says Dr.Srinath Reddy, head of cardiology, AIIMS. Factors that lower HDL are smoking, diabetes, high triglycerides, abdominal obesity and lack of exercise.
The US government recommendations say that all those at risk of heart attack would benefit from taking cholesterol-lowering drugs such as stains to keep their LDL level below 100 mg / dl.

Source:Indian Medical Association.

Tips for Healthy Heart

Billions of rupees are spent each year on hospital, medical and doctor bills, yet in spite of this expense people are still suffering and dying of coronary artery disease (blockage of the arteries of the heart).

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the single most important disease entity, in most of the nations - both in terms of morbidity and mortality. Imagine, if a drug was invented that could prevent CAD.It would surely be hailed as the wonder drug of the century.This "magic cure" already exists, its all around us and it is totally free of charge. The simple truth is that the human body has an amazing ability to sustain vitality and good health provided it is treated with respect.
By making certain life style changes and avoiding risk factors, one can greatly reduce the risk of heart disease and pre mature mortality.Risk factor reduction is the primary clinical approach to prevent CAD. The life style changes required are not difficult to achieve and even relatively small "Dos & Do nots" can have a significant effort over the years.

Risk Factors

Cigarette Smoking: If you smoke, Stop !!!

Cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature death.The risk of a heart attack for a smoker is more than twice that of a non smoker in both men and women.In people with CAD, those who continue to smoke have a higher death rate than those who quit. It has been shown that long term exposure to second hand smoke or passive smoking may increase the risk of heart disease. However, the risk of a second heart attack decreases with smoking cessation.In one study of people who had a heart attack, the risk of second heart attack fell by half with in one year of stopping and became the same as for non smokers within 2 years of smoking cessation.

Smoking constricts your arteries, makes your blood sticky and more likely to form a clot, robs your body of vitamins and costs you a small fortune.
So quit smoking for a healthy heart.


Modern day epidemic. Loose weight if you are over weight. Obesity is linked with CAD because it has an effect on blood pressure, diabetes and blood cholesterol. It is important to know that loosing weight is associated with a decrease in heart disease risk.If you are over weight, see your doctor to evaluate your additional heart disease risks and ask your doctor for a safe and effective way to loose weight.

High Blood Cholesterol:

If you do not know your cholesterol levels, you should.If it is high,work to bring it to the target.The higher our intake of fat, particularly animal and dairy fat, the higher your blood cholesterol level will be. This in turn leads to build up of fatty plaques on the walls of your arteries.
So Aim for fitness
Build - A healthy base
Choose - sensible diet………. For good health

Increase your intake of:

All types of fruit.
Vegetables, root vegetables, leafy green vegetables, brightly coloured vegetables (carrots, Tomato etc)

Reduce your intake of:
  • Meat of all types
  • Dairy products
  • Processed food, much of which contains high levels of salt and sugar
  • Foods containing "hidden fat" such as cakes, pastries, pies
  • Salt

High Blood Pressure    

High blood pressure is a well known major risk for CAD. Because high blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms, many people do not know that they have it and that is why its called the "Silent Killer". Have your blood pressure checked, if it is high, follow your doctors advice for bringing it down to normal.

High blood pressure causes damage to the lining of the arteries and accelerates the build up of fatty plaques in the arteries. Also it causes extra stress on the heart by forcing it to work harder to pump blood.

Taking regular exercise, adopting a healthy low salt diet and management of a stress can all help to reduce high blood pressure.

Diabetes Mellitus   
If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to keep it under control. Having diabetes increases the risk of heart disease two times in men and three times in women.
Once it was almost invariably fatal, but can now be treated through insulin injections and oral tablets to control the symptoms.

Physical inactivity:

Being physically inactive is a major risk factor for CAD.It may also contribute to development of obesity, high BP and low level of HDL (good) cholesterol, all of which are additional heart disease risks. Exercise has many beneficial effects by increasing your level of HDL (good) cholesterol, reducing blood pressure and causing weight loss. Host of the health benefits can be gained by moving from a sedentary life style to a modest exercise programme. Just 30 minutes per day of walking can reduce risk of heart disease substantially


In some ways the most difficult problem to solve. Very often a stress sufferer does not realize that they have a problem. This produces hormones in the blood stream that constricts the arteries, unfortunately if you already have narrowing of the arteries,the effect is multiplied by chronic stress.

Nevertheless, it is a vital area which we ignore at our peril, for not only does it have an impact on physical self, it may affect our entire sense of well being - our happiness.
Genetic Factor

There is not much one can do about ones genetic inheritance.

The risk factors multiply together. So if you are doing everything else right, there is less chance of the genetic factor coming into play.

The Good News
You don’t need anyone's permission to change your life.In such matters you have no boss and it will not cost you any thing. You can change your life for the better and in doing so in some way, you will be changing the world as well


O.P.Yadava -Chairman
Dept.of Cardiac Surgery
Dharma Vira Heart Centre
Sir Ganga Ram  Hospital
New Delhi
Indian Medical Association